The basics of litter box training are simple. Kittens typically learns from their mother at growing up stage. A recent adopted kittens will not know how to use a litter box. As the kitten is still young , she need supervision until she is old enough to do things on her own. Kittens mature quickly, so the supervision phase rarely lasts longer than two or three weeks.
As soon as you bring the kitten home, let her take a good sniff around her new home. She will scent-mark a few areas by rubbing her face and body against whatever is at hand. After the first hour or two, try to feed her some food. If the kitten is not yet accustomed to solid food, try a little slightly warm milk. Wait a moment for the food to settle once she is finished. Lift her gently with your palm under her belly and take her to the bathroom. Close the bathroom door and place the kitten gently into the litter box. Keep her there until she has done her business.
If you have children in the house, make sure they understand the importance of being absolutely silent. Don’t say anything, just watch. Be as quiet as possible so that the kitten will not be frightened or nervous. How can you tell if your kitten is about to urinate or defecate? She will begin to circle round and round with a worried expression, then suddenly crouch. When her tail slightly raised and her eyes closed, you know she has done it. If she jumps out of the litter box, gently pick her up. Hold her with your fingers under her belly for a few seconds, and put her back in the litter box. Remember, say nothing.
The kitten should learn to eliminate on her own without associating her action with the sound of your voice. If the kitten still did not get the message after a few minutes, reach into the litter box and let her sniff your hand to re-establish contact. Gently take the cat’s right paw using your index finger and thumb and make a scratching motion. Then release the paw and wait. Keep her in the litter box until she performs properly.
If all else fails, you might recall that in the wild mother cats induce their kittens to eliminate by turning them over and licking their stomachs. You can achieve the same effect with your index finger moistened with a little warm water. Above all, don’t push or coerce the kitten or make any nervous sounds or gestures, she simply won’t understand. If it’s any consolation, this is the hardest part of training a kitten. But once the kitten learns to use the box, she will have cleared a major hurdle.
After this first encounter with the box, let the kitten explore at will. Chances are good that she will return to the box once or twice while making his rounds. The second time she eats, watch her carefully. If she goes to the box herself, after seemingly aimless wandering, you can rejoice. If instead he starts sniffing around in one spot, turns round and round, then squats with her tail up, gently pick her up, take her to the bathroom and keep her there until she does her business. Chances are you won’t have to repeat the front paw scratching. Once she knows where she is, the kitten will do her thing right away.